Woodworking by use of a cutting tool to yield a figure, or the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object.
Woodturning is a form of woodworking that is used to create wooden objects on a lathe. Woodturning differs from most other forms of woodworking in that the wood is moving while a stationary tool is used to cut and shape it. Many intricate shapes and designs can be made by turning wood.
Pyrography (Wood Burning):
Pyrography, wood burning, or pyrogravure is the art of decorating wood with burn marks via a heated object. It is also known as poker-work. The term means “writing with fire”, from the Greek pur (fire) and graphos (writing).
The freehand cutting of intricate shapes in relatively thin wood. The scroll saw uses thin blades that allow cutting very small radius curves and delicate cuts, such as for inlays. Works can range from flat, plaque style, to elaborate 3-D structures.
Furniture: from the basic, functional 3-legged stool, to detailed cabinetry, furniture making remains a mainstay of woodworking.
Boxes: At once functional and decorative, boxes can be made by many techniques, including (but not limited to) band sawing, turning, and traditional dovetail joinery.
Repair and restoration: Items of importance are worth preserving. Restoration and repair require knowledge of the original construction methods, as well as salvage skills.